FACTS & RESOURCES

Facts

Marijuana Extracts

Smoking THC-rich resins extracted from the marijuana plant is on the rise. People call this practice dabbing. They are using various forms of these extracts, such as:

  • hash oil or honey oil—a gooey liquid
  • wax or budder—a soft solid with a texture like lip balm
  • shatter—a hard, amber-colored solid

These extracts can deliver extremely large amounts of THC to the body, and their use has sent some people to the emergency room. Another danger is in preparing these extracts, which usually involves butane (lighter fluid). A number of people have caused fires and explosions and have been seriously burned from using butane to make extracts at home.

A Rise in Marijuana’s THC Levels

The amount of THC in marijuana has been increasing steadily over the past few decades. For a person who is new to marijuana use, this may mean exposure to higher THC levels with a greater chance of a harmful reaction. Higher THC levels may explain the rise in emergency room visits involving marijuana use.
The popularity of edibles also increases the chance of harmful reactions. Edibles take longer to digest and produce a high. Therefore, people may consume more to feel the effects faster, leading to dangerous results.
Higher THC levels may mean a greater risk for addiction if people are regularly exposing themselves to high doses.

How Does Marijuana Affect a Person’s Life?

Compared to those who don’t use marijuana, those who use heavily more often report the following:

  • lower life satisfaction
  • poorer mental health
  • poorer physical health
  • more relationship problems

People also report less academic and career success. For example, marijuana use is linked to a higher likelihood of dropping out of school. It is also linked to more job absences, accidents, and injuries.

Points to Remember

Marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa.
The plant contains the mind-altering chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other related compounds.
People use marijuana by smoking, eating, drinking, and inhaling it.
Smoking THC-rich extracts from the marijuana plant (a practice called dabbing) is on the rise.
THC overactivates certain brain cell receptors, resulting in effects such as:

  • altered senses
  • changes in mood
  • impaired body movement
  • difficulty with thinking and problem-solving
  • impaired memory and learning

Marijuana use may have a wide range of effects, both physical and mental, which include:

  • breathing illnesses
  • possible harm to a fetus’s brain in pregnant women
  • hallucinations and paranoia

The amount of THC in marijuana has been increasing steadily, creating more harmful effects.
It’s unlikely that a person will fail a drug test or get a “contact high” from inhaling secondhand marijuana smoke.
A marijuana overdose doesn’t lead to death but can cause some very uncomfortable side effects, such as unease and shaking and, in rare cases, an extreme psychotic reaction.
Marijuana can lead to a substance use disorder, which takes the form of addiction in severe cases.
Treatment for marijuana addiction includes forms of behavioral therapy. No medications currently exist for treatment.

Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Resources

2017 Nevada High School YRBS: Washoe County Special Report

Tobacco Use

  • 5% of high school students who ever smoked cigarettes
  • 0% of high school students who smoked cigarettes for the first time before age 13 years
  • 2% of high school students who smoked cigarettes during the 30 days before the survey
  • 9% of high school students who smoked cigarettes on 20 or more days during the 30 days before the survey
  • 7% of high school students who smoked more than 10 cigarettes per day during the 30 days before the survey
  • 7% of high school students who usually obtained their own cigarettes by buying them in a store or gas station during the 30 days before the survey
  • 1% of high school students who used smokeless tobacco during the 30 days before the survey
  • 2% of high school students who smoked cigars during the 30 days before the survey
  • 5% of high school students who used tobacco during the 30 days before the survey

Electronic Vapor Product Use

  • 8% of high school students who ever used electronic vapor products
  • 8% of high school students who used electronic vapor products during the 30 days before the survey
  • 2% of high school students who tried electronic vapor products for the first time before age 13 years
  • 8% of high school students who usually obtained their electronic vapor products by buying them in a store or gas station during the 30 days before the survey

Alcohol Use

  • 2% of high school students who ever drank alcohol
  • 9% of high school students who drank alcohol for the first time before age 13 years
  • 2% of high school students who had at least one drink of alcohol during the 30 days before the survey
  • 0% of high school students who participated in binge drinking during the 30 days before the survey
  • 0% of high school students who drank 10 or more drinks in a row during the 30 days before the survey
  • 9% of high school students who usually obtained the alcohol they drank by someone giving it to them during the 30 days before the survey
  • 2% of high school students who rode in a car or other vehicle during the 30 days before the survey driven by someone who had been drinking alcohol
  • 9% of high school students who drove a car or other vehicle during the 30 days before the survey when they had been drinking alcohol

Marijuana Use

  • 9% of high school students who ever used marijuana
  • 4% of high school students who tried marijuana for the first time before age 13 years
  • 3% of high school students who used marijuana during the 30 days before the survey
  • 8%of high school students who usually used marijuana by smoking it in a joint, bong, pipe, or blunt during the past 30 days before the survey
  • 4% of high school students who usually used marijuana by eating it in food such as brownies, cakes, cookies, or candy during the past 30 days before the survey
  • 2% of high school students who usually used marijuana by vaporizing it during the past 30 days before the survey
  • 6%of high school students who usually used marijuana by some other way during the past 30 days before the survey
  • 6% of high school students who rode in a car or other vehicle during 30 days before the survey driven by someone who had been using marijuana
  • 1% of high school students who drove a car or other vehicle during the 30 days before the survey when they had been using marijuana

Other Drug Use

  • 2% of high school students who ever used cocaine
  • 1% of high school students who ever used inhalants
  • 2% of high school students who ever used heroin
  • 8% of high school students who ever used methamphetamines
  • 3% of high school students who used ecstasy
  • 7% of high school students who ever used synthetic marijuana
  • 8% of high school students who ever took steroids without a doctor’s prescription
  • 8% of high school students who ever took prescription pain medicine without a doctor’s prescription or differently than prescribed
  • 4% of high school students who currently take prescription pain medicine without a doctor’s prescription or differently than prescribed
  • 3% of high school students who ever injected any illegal drugs
  • 3% of high school students who were offered, sold, or given an illegal drug by someone on school property during the 12 months before the survey
  • 3% of high school students who attended school under the influence of alcohol or other illegal drugs during the 12 months before the survey
  • 2% of high school students who ever lived with someone who was a problem drinker, alcoholic, or abused street or prescription drugs

Sexual Behaviors

  • 9% of high school students who ever had sexual intercourse
  • 3% of high school students who had sexual intercourse for the first time before age 13 years
  • 2% of high school students who had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their life
  • 7% of high school students who had sexual intercourse with at least one person during the 3 months before the survey
  • 9% of high school students who drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse
  • 9% of high school students who used a condom during last sexual intercourse
  • 4% of high school students who used birth control pills before last sexual intercourse
  • 9%of high school students who used both a condom and birth control pills, Depo-Provera,Nuva Ring, Ortho Evra,Implanon,or any IUD before last sexual intercourse
  • 7% of high school students who did not use any method to prevent pregnancy during last sexual intercourse
  • 2% of high school students who have ever been pregnant or gotten someone pregnant
  • 9% of high school students did not have sexual contact
  • 9%of high school students who had sexual contact with the opposite sex only
  • 2% of high school students who had sexual contact with the same sex only
  • 0% of high school students who had sexual contact with both sexes
  • 4% of high school students who were heterosexual (straight)
  • 1%of high school students who were gay or lesbian
  • 6%of high school students who were bisexual
  • 9% of high school students who were not sure
  • 2% of high school students who have ever been tested for HIV

For more information visit: Full Report

Nevada High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) Comparison Report, 2015-2017

2017 Nevada Middle School YRBS: Washoe County Special Report

Tobacco Use

  • 7% of middle school students who ever smoked cigarettes
  • 5% of middle school students who smoked a cigarette for the first time before age 11 years
  • 1% of middle school students who smoked cigarettes during the 30 days before the survey
  • 7% of middle school students who used smokeless tobacco during the 30 days before the survey
  • 8% of middle school students who smoked cigars during the 30 days before the survey
  • 2% of middle school students who used tobacco during the 30 days before the survey

Electronic Vapor Product Use

  • 2% of middle school students who ever used electronic vapor products
  • 8% of middle school students who used electronic vapor products during the 30 days before the survey
  • 8% of middle school students who tried their first electronic vapor product before age 11 years
  • 4% of middle school students who got their own electronic vapor products by buying them in a store during the 30 days before the survey

Alcohol Use

  • 7% of middle school students who ever drank alcohol
  • 3% of middle school students who drank alcohol for the first time before age 11 years
  • 5% of middle school students who drank alcohol during the 30 days before the survey
  • 5% of middle school students who ever rode in a car or other vehicle driven by someone who had been drinking alcohol

Marijuana Use

  • 7% of middle school students who ever used marijuana
  • 2% of middle school students who tried marijuana for the first time before age 11 years
  • 6% of middle school students who used marijuana during the 30 days before the survey
  • 1%of middle school students who usually used marijuana by smoking it in a joint, bong, pipe, or blunt during the 30 days before the survey
  • 5% of middle school students who usually used marijuana by eating it in food such as brownies, cakes, cookies, or candy during the 30 days before the survey
  • 6% of middle school students who usually used marijuana by vaporizing it during the 30 days before the survey
  • 8%of middle school students who usually used marijuana by some other way during the 30 days before the survey
  • 4% of middle school students who ever rode in a car or other vehicle driven by someone using marijuana

Other Drug Use

  • 5% of middle school students who ever used cocaine
  • 3% of middle school students who ever used inhalants
  • 1% of middle school students who ever used heroin
  • 0% of middle school students who ever used methamphetamines
  • 4% of middle school students who ever used ecstasy
  • 4% of middle school students who ever used synthetic marijuana
  • 0% of middle school students who ever took prescription pain medication without a doctor’s prescription
  • 2% of middle school students who ever lived with someone who was a problem drinker, alcoholic, or abused street or prescription drugs

For more information visit: Full Report

Nevada Middle School Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) Comparison Report, 2015-2017

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